Roxanol, Morphine sulfate is a pain medication of the opiate family that is found naturally in a number of plants and animals, including humans. It acts directly on the central nervous system (CNS) to decrease the feeling of pain. It can be taken for both acute pain and chronic pain and is frequently used for pain from myocardial infarction, kidney stones, and during labor.
Roxanol – morphine sulphate – morphine sulfate er – morphine ir – 60 m pill
Morphine sulfate can be administered by mouth, by injection into a muscle, by injection under the skin, intravenously, injection into the space around the spinal cord, or rectally.
Its maximum effect is reached after about 20 minutes when administered intravenously and 60 minutes when administered by mouth, while the duration of its effect is 3–7 hours. Long-acting formulations of morphine also exist.
How long does morphine stay in your system?
The metabolites of morphine remain in the body even after a person no longer feels the drug’s effects.
People undergoing morphine drug testing should ask about the sensitivity of the test. The more sensitive the test is, the more likely it is to detect morphine. Highly sensitive tests may also produce false positives.
- Blood: Up to 3 days
- Urine: Up to 4 days
- Saliva: Up to 3 days
- Hair: Up to 90 days
|Adults:||Recommended dose: 10-20 mg (5-10 ml) every 4 hours.
Maximum daily dose: 120 mg per day
|Children 13 to 18 years:||Recommended dose: 5-20 mg (2.5-10 ml) every 4 hours.
Maximum daily dose: 120 mg per day
|Children 6-12 years:||Recommended dose: 5-10 mg (2.5-5 ml) every 4 hours.
Maximum daily dose: 60 mg per day
|Children 1-5 years:||Recommended dose 5 mg (2.5 ml) every 4 hours.
Maximum daily dose: 30 mg per day
|Children under 1 year:||Not recommended.|
Dosage can be increased under medical supervision according to the severity of the pain and the patient’s previous history of analgesic requirements.
Difference between hydromorphone and morphine sulfate:
Specifically, morphine is an opiate, a natural occurring analgesic harvested from the opium poppy pod (as is codeine). Dilaudid (hydromorphone) is a semi-synthetic opiate or OPIOID, which is more potent than morphine. Dilaudid is synthesized in laboratories for similar effects to morphine, though stronger analgesic in less doses.
Morphine sulfate withdrawal:
Any person who uses morphine—whether by prescription or recreationally—may become dependent within a matter of weeks and come to rely on the drug to feel well enough to get through the day. 1,4
When a person frequently uses a substance like morphine, their brain gradually adjusts to the presence of the drug. As these changes take place, a person will eventually require continued drug use to maintain stability. Without morphine, the user will experience a range of symptoms collectively referred to as the withdrawal syndrome.4
Those who abuse morphine in large quantities may become dependent more quickly than those who use the drug as prescribed. Someone abusing morphine may:1,2
- Use the drug even if it is not for them.
- Use the drug to get high.
- Mix the drug with alcohol or other drugs to modify or enhance the effects.
- Use the drug more often, in higher doses, or in ways other than prescribed.
- Try to manipulate medical professionals to obtain more of the drug.
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Side effects of Morphine sulfate
- Stomach pain
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Spinning sensation
- Flushing (warmth, redness, or tingly feeling)
- Memory problems, or
- Sleep problems (insomnia or strange dreams).
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